The development of Taiwan's ceramics industry can be traced back to the Neolithic Period. The evolution of each period and changes in technology and market of the time continued to drive the development, leading to vigorous advancements in Taiwan's ceramics industry.
Since the start of the 1990s, Taiwan's ceramics industry has grown fairly mature. As the domestic and foreign economic trading boomed, the ceramics industry experienced its most rapid growth period of all times, producing many kinds of ceramic products. They can be divided into six categories according to their use, namely daily-use porcelain, sanitary porcelain, building porcelain, art porcelain, industrial porcelain, and ceramics raw materials and equipment. Out of these six categories, creativity and production technology are responsible for creating many well-made ceramic products.
There are numerous product types in industrial ceramics, from firebricks and kiln equipment, laboratory porcelain products, industrial components, to other industrial and precision ceramics in space technology, electronics, and biomedicine. At the present, most of the industrial ceramics the country produces are consumed locally in electrical, fireproofing, grinding, and mechanical industries, while the majority of electronic ceramic products are exported. Our country's industrial ceramics have always been imported from the developed countries in Europe, America and Japan, and this import shows a growing trend in recent years. On the export front, there has also been a substantial growth in recent years, with the export value topping the ceramics category and accounting almost 60% of the total output, showing a good competitive advantage in technological development of our country in the field of industrial/precision ceramics.
In terms of soil and glaze materials, although a small number of the clay soil, kaolin soil, chert, and feldspar used in the ceramics industry can be acquired locally, the vast majority still have to be imported. In terms of glaze, only medium to low-temperature glaze such as lead glaze, glass glaze, and ash glaze was used in Taiwan in the early days.
The use of medium( above 1200〿) and high-temperature(above 1320〿)glaze(such as Japan’s feldspar glaze, Hecai, and Jinshui,etc.). Only gradual practices reach maturity in post-Japanese colonial era through domestic R & D and the introduction of technology from Europe and America. But some have also developed their own characteristics. Due to the accumulation of a variety of cultures and the fact that over 80% of the materials used are produced locally, the domestic experience and techniques in the use of glaze matured. Taiwan's glaze materials and ceramic products are complementary to each other, so that we could win a stage in the world market.
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